Chiado/Baixa Pombalina Tour
Baixa Pombalina is the center of Lisbon, having been completely rebuilt after the terrible earthquake that struck the city in 1755. This was the zone that benefited from the intervention of the avant-garde Marquês de Pombal, who designed a grid of anti-seismic buildings in a style urban development.
The most visited and tourist areas of the city are here. The Baixa Pombalina, as well as the Chiado, are unavoidable destinations for those who visit Lisbon. They concentrate numerous tourist points and have an excellent offer of cultural and gastronomic spaces.
MAIN POINTS OF THIS TOUR
Viewpoint of São Pedro de Alcântara – Viewpoint located at the top of the Glória Elevator, near one of the many entrances to Bairro Alto, from where you have a beautiful view of the city of Lisbon, namely the beautiful neighborhoods of Graça and São Vicente de Fora and the Castle of São Jorge.
Luís de Camões Square– a title that was attributed to this square is justified by the statue that can be observed there even in its center and which was built in honor of the great Portuguese poet Luís de Camões, the author of the great work, the Lusíadas.
Church of Loreto – On Chiado, on a small church which is accessed by a staircase of two straight walks and converging on a landing, the Church of Our Lady of Loreto or Church of the Italians was erected in 1518 at the request of the Italian community resident in Portugal.
Church of Nossa Senhora da Encarnação – Parish church inaugurated in 1708, was totally destroyed by the earthquake of 1755. Rebuilt by architect Manuel Caetano de Sousa still in the eighteenth century, the works lasted until 1873.
Statue of Fernando Pessoa – On the esplanade of A Brasileira café, you will meet with the most famous Portuguese poet, born in Lisbon in 1888. The bronze statue of Fernando Pessoa is a major attraction of the visitors who settled there to have a coffee in the company of the poet and take a photograph of unavoidable remembrance.
Bertrand Chiado Bookstore – Enter the Bertrand do Chiado Bookstore and go through its seven rooms and go through a part of Portuguese history and literature.
Recognized by Guinness World Records in 2011 as the oldest working bookstore in the world, Bertrand do Chiado lives up to the motto “antiquity is a stand” because it has sold books for 285 years.
Largo do Carmo – Encompassed in the Chiado area, Largo do Carmo, with its jacarandas. In this area, the ruins of the Carmo Convent, built in the 14th century, where the Carmo Archaeological Museum is currently housed, resists. In front of the convent, there is the Chafariz do Carmo (1771), supplied by the Águas Livres Aqueduct, through the Loreto Gallery.
Ruins of the Carmo Convent – The Carmo Convent was founded by D. Nuno Álvares Pereira, the Constable of Portugal, in 1389. It was initially occupied by Carmelite friars from the Convent of Our Lady of Carmo de Moura in Alentejo, called by D. Nuno to enter the convent of Lisbon in 1392.
Santa Justa Elevator – The Santa Justa Elevator was inaugurated on July 10, 1902. It is a work of the engineer Raoul Mesnier de Ponsard, with a cast iron structure, enriched with filigree works. In 2002 it was classified as a National Monument.
Rua Augusta – Rua Augusta is a famous street in downtown Lisbon, in Portugal, starting at the famous triumphal arch, connecting Praça do Comércio to Praça do Rossio. He honors the Augusta figure of King Joseph I.
Augusta Street Arch – The Augusta Street Arch is a triumphal arch located in the northern part of Commerce Square, on Augusta Street in Lisbon, Portugal. Its construction was programmed in 1759, in the framework of the Pombaline reconstruction after the destruction of downtown lisboeta by the earthquake of 1755, with design of Eugénio dos Santos.
Praça do Comércio / Terreiro do Paço – A reference work of the Pombaline reconstruction, outlined in the plan of Eugénio dos Santos and Carlos Mardel, came to give continuity to the primitive Terreiro do Paço, which at the time of the Discoveries (15th and 16th centuries) was the center of life of Lisbon and the main exit of the city to the sea.